Highland and lowland settlements in Roman and Late Roman central Phoenicia – the case of Chhim and Jiyeh (Porphyreon)


IKA online Kolloquium

Tomasz Waliszewski (University of Warsaw)

Di, 4.5.2021, 18 Uhr s. t. online

Tomasz Waliszewski (University of Warsaw)

This lecture examines correlation between the settlement patterns and the landscape of the hinterland of Sidon in Phoenicia. The closer look at two rural settlements at Chhim and Jiyeh (Porphyreon), one located in the foothills of Mount Lebanon, the other on the seashore, shows convincingly how two agglomerations separated merely by a distance of a few kilometers can be different in terms of building material, spatial organization of the village or house and a role played in the local economic system. So different, both villages experienced nevertheless close relationships revealed by the results of ceramological and environmental studies based on the excavated material.

Suggested readings

  • Gwiazda, M., Piątkowska-Małecka, J., Barański, T., Makowski, P. and Wicenciak, U. (2021). Sidon’s/Sayda northern hinterland during the Early Byzantine–Early Islamic transition. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 385 (1).
  • Périssé-Valéro, I. (2009). Le sanctuaire romain de Chhîm. Évolution et mutations d’un site cultuel de la montagne libanaise. Topoi 16: 65–92.
  • Waliszewski, T. (2014), ELAION. Olive oil production in Roman and Byzantine Syria-Palestine, The Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology PAM Monograph Series 6, Warsaw: PCMA.
  • Waliszewski, T., Gwiazda, M. (2015), Porphyreon Through the Ages. The Fading Archaeological Heritage of the Lebanese Coast. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 3/4: 330-348.
  • Waliszewski, T., Ortali-Tarazi, R., Alpi F., Chmielewski, K., Dalix, A.S., Domżalski, K., Kisielewicz, M., Łuszczewska, M., Nordiguian, L., Périssé, I., El Tayeb, M., Tchorek, P., Wagner, M., Wicenciak, U. (2004). Village romain et byzantin à Chhîm-Marjiyat. Rapport préliminaire (1996-2002). Bulletin d'archéologie et d'architecture libanaises 6: 5-105.
  • Waliszewski T. and Wicenciak U. 2015a. Chhim. A Roman and Late Antique in the Sidon hinterland. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 3/4: 372–95.
  • Waliszewski T. and Wicenciak U. 2015b. Jiyeh (Porphyreon). Nouvelles découvertes sur le territoire de Sidon à l’époque hellénistique. Topoi Supplément 13: 155–79.
  • Wicenciak, U. (2016). Porphyreon. Hellenistic and Roman Pottery Production in the Sidon Hinterland. PAM Monograph Series 7. Warsaw: PCMA.
  • Wicenciak, U. (2019) Aspects of economic activity in Phoenicia during Roman and Byzantine times. The case of olive oil and amphora production in Chhim, in the chora of Sidon, Levant, 51:3, 314-336, DOI: 10.1080/00758914.2020.1854973.


Der Vortrag findet am 4.5.2021 um 18 Uhr online statt.

Link zum Vortrag (wird um 17:50 h aktiviert)